Before working with Telegram’s API, you need to get your own API ID and hash:
- Login to your Telegram account with the phone number of the developer account to use.
- Click under API Development tools.
- A Create new application window will appear. Fill in your application details. There is no need to enter any URL, and only the first two fields (App title and Short name) can currently be changed later.
- Click on Create application at the end. Remember that your API hash is secret and Telegram won’t let you revoke it. Don’t post it anywhere!
This API ID and hash is the one used by your application, not your phone number. You can use this API ID and hash with any phone number or even for bot accounts.
Editing the Code¶
This is a little introduction for those new to Python programming in general.
We will write our code inside
hello.py, so you can use any text
editor that you like. To run the code, use
python3 hello.py from
Don’t call your script
telethon.py! Python will try to import
the client from there and it will fail with an error such as
“ImportError: cannot import name ‘TelegramClient’ …”.
We can finally write some code to log into our account!
from telethon import TelegramClient # Use your own values from my.telegram.org api_id = 12345 api_hash = '0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef' # The first parameter is the .session file name (absolute paths allowed) with TelegramClient('anon', api_id, api_hash) as client: client.loop.run_until_complete(client.send_message('me', 'Hello, myself!'))
In the first line, we import the class name so we can create an instance of the client. Then, we define variables to store our API ID and hash conveniently.
At last, we create a new
instance and call it
client. We can now use the client variable
for anything that we want, such as sending a message to ourselves.
Since Telethon is an asynchronous library, you need to
coroutine functions to have them run (or otherwise, run the loop
until they are complete). In this tiny example, we don’t bother
async def main().
See Mastering asyncio to find out more.
with block is the preferred way to use the library. It will
start() the client,
logging or signing up if necessary.
.session file already existed, it will not login
again, so be aware of this if you move or rename the file!
Signing In as a Bot Account¶
You can also use Telethon for your bots (normal bot accounts, not users). You will still need an API ID and hash, but the process is very similar:
from telethon.sync import TelegramClient api_id = 12345 api_hash = '0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef' bot_token = '12345:0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef # We have to manually call "start" if we want an explicit bot token bot = TelegramClient('bot', api_id, api_hash).start(bot_token=bot_token) # But then we can use the client instance as usual with bot: ...
To get a bot account, you need to talk with @BotFather.
Signing In behind a Proxy¶
If you need to use a proxy to access Telegram, you will need to install PySocks and then change:
TelegramClient('anon', api_id, api_hash)
TelegramClient('anon', api_id, api_hash, proxy=(socks.SOCKS5, '127.0.0.1', 4444))
(of course, replacing the IP and port with the IP and port of the proxy).
proxy= argument should be a tuple, a list or a dict,
consisting of parameters described in PySocks usage.
Using MTProto Proxies¶
MTProto Proxies are Telegram’s alternative to normal proxies, and work a bit differently. The following protocols are available:
For now, you need to manually specify these special connection modes if you want to use a MTProto Proxy. Your code would look like this:
from telethon import TelegramClient, connection # we need to change the connection ^^^^^^^^^^ client = TelegramClient( 'anon', api_id, api_hash, # Use one of the available connection modes. # Normally, this one works with most proxies. connection=connection.ConnectionTcpMTProxyRandomizedIntermediate, # Then, pass the proxy details as a tuple: # (host name, port, proxy secret) # # If the proxy has no secret, the secret must be: # '00000000000000000000000000000000' proxy=('mtproxy.example.com', 2002, 'secret') )
In future updates, we may make it easier to use MTProto Proxies
(such as avoiding the need to manually pass
In short, the same code above but without comments to make it clearer:
from telethon import TelegramClient, connection client = TelegramClient( 'anon', api_id, api_hash, connection=connection.ConnectionTcpMTProxyRandomizedIntermediate, proxy=('mtproxy.example.com', 2002, 'secret') )